The conference “Commemoration of the Martyrs of Friday Prayers of Afghanistan” was held on Thursday, November 18, 2021, in the conference hall of the AhlulBayt (a.s.) World Assembly in Qom by the Deputy for Scientific and Cultural Affairs of the Assembly.
At the beginning of the conference, while appreciating the organizers of the conference, the professor and faculty member of the Department of Judicial Fiqh and Law of Al-Mustafa (p.b.u.h) International University stated, “There are three models in people’s relationship with government. In the first model, the government considers the people as commons that rulers are the owners of them. The second model, which exists in many political systems, is the model of citizenship and obedience. In this system, people, as citizens, have blood, territorial, and contractual ties to the government, and participate in some major decisions. The third model is the citizen-centered model, meaning that citizens have full rights and participate in many decisions, and that government is governed by people.”
In the absence of a legitimate caliph, the Islamic Emirate is irrelevant
Hojat al-Islam Dr. Ali Sharifi added, “There is a concept of Ummah in Islamic sources that does not include non-Muslims. Also, in terms of land of residence, the concepts of “Dar al-Islam” and “Dar al-Kufr” exist in Islamic sources.”
“We are facing the Islamic Emirate in Afghanistan,” he said, “In Sunni Fiqh, the emirate has no meaning without the caliphate. The emirate is subordinate to the caliph, and in the absence of a legitimate caliph, the emirate is irrelevant and out of Sharia.”
“According to Sunni jurisprudence, if sovereignty is achieved in a land through domination, the ruler, even if he himself is illegitimate, has the right to implement Sharia of Islam. They (Sunnis) consider obedience to the Amir obligatory, and express opposition to him as opposition to the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h),” added the member of the faculty of the Department of Judicial Jurisprudence and Law at Al Mustafa (p.b.u.h) International University, noting that the Taliban has not yet provided a definition and evidence for the legitimacy of the emirate.
“The Taliban’s definition of the people’s relationship with the government is a commons relationship. According to the definition, rights cannot be realized under the name of Emirate. We Shiites must try to make this reading fade and change, because in it, the commons have no right, and if we cannot do so, the rights would not be realized,” he added, introducing the people’s relationship with the Islamic Emirate as a relationship of obedience.
Afghanistan’s elites, ulama and academics have heavy responsibilities
The Director-General for Immigrants and Foreigners Affairs of the Ministry of Interior, Qom Province Office stated, “The martyrs of Sayed al-Shohada School and Kabul University were the martyrs for knowledge and awareness. Arrogance fears that Eastern societies and Islamic countries will reach knowledge and awareness.”
“The global arrogance aware of the level of intelligence of Afghanistan’s youth. They know that Afghan students in Iran and other countries have high intelligence. They also know that if Afghan society becomes aware, the enemies cannot loot their resources,” Dr. Abbas Shirmohammadi added.
“In Friday prayers in Afghanistan, Shiites and Sunnis stand together and pray. Therefore, the martyrs of Friday prayers are the martyrs of Islamic unity. The enemies want to spread panic so that the people do not attend the Friday prayers. But they will never achieve this sinister plot for the people of Afghanistan,” he said, referring to the martyrs of Friday prayers in Afghanistan.
“Afghanistan’s wars are political, but the enemies have turned them into religious wars to achieve their disgraceful goals. The sinister plan of lobal arrogance is to create division. Therefore, the elites of Afghanistan, including the clergies of Al-Mustafa (p.b.u.h) International Universityand the students of the country, have heavy responsibilities. They must enlighten people,” he added, noting that the enemies’ goal is to loot Afghanistan’s resources.
In the end, he expressed hope that most of the problems of immigrants will be solved in the government of Ayatollah Raisi.
Enemies seek to tarnish the image of Islam
The Deputy for Scientific and Cultural Affairs of the AhlulBayt (a.s.) World Assembly stated, “In the 21st century, which some thinkers have called it the century of spirituality, the enemies seek to tarnish the image of Islam. They want to show a harsh and inappropriate image of Islam so that no one is inclined to this religion.”
“The enemies of Islam created the terrorist group ISIL with the tactic of takfir. But in the early days of Islam, even if Muslims conflict each other, they were still under the banner of Islam. They did not Takfir (excommunicate) each other, and no one was accused of leaving Islam,” Hojat al-Islam Ahmad Ahmadi said, referring to the emergence of ISIL in Iraq and Syria.
“In a hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) we read, “Whoever says Shahdah and pays Zakat, his property, life and honor must be safe”. Sunni denominations also emphasize that one who stands facing the Qibla prays and says Shahada, is a Muslim,” he stated.
“In Syria and Iraq, ISIL launched a movement that caused great damage to the Islamic world. The further we go, the more we justify the value and dignity of the. They defended Islam and destroyed the Takfiris and the illegitimate thinking that came to strike and destroy Islam. Therefore, in all our programs, we must commemorate the martyrs of Holy Shrine Defenders from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. Especially the glorious martyrs of Islam, General Soleimani and Abu Mahdi Al-Mohandes,” said the Deputy for Scientific and Cultural Affairs of the AhlulBayt (a.s.) World Assembly stated on the goals and actions of ISIL and the position of the Holy Shrine Defenders.
ISIL instrument of global Arrogance, seeks to destroy Islam: Ahmadi Tabar
“Global arrogance considers Afghanistan a suitable region for anti-Islamic actions. Therefore, it supports ISIL terrorists who commit crimes in Afghanistan, martyring Shiites during Friday prayers. ISIL is the tool of global arrogance, and seeks to destroy Islam,” he emphasized.
“As the Shiites confront the deviant groups in Shiism, it is necessary for Al-Azhar University in Egypt and other thinkers of the Sunni world to discuss the Islamic Emirate. Similar actions have been taken in the past, and Sunni scholars have written numerous responses to Wahhabi doubts. For example, in a statement, the Sunni world declared Wahhabism un-Islamic,” added Hojat al-Islam Ahmadi Tabar, emphasizing the need for thinkers and scholars to explore and describe the history of the Islamic Emirate.
“Shiites also need to plan carefully to strengthen Shiites and reduce vulnerabilities. Shiite thinkers and scholars must think and plan for the advancement of Shiites in Afghanistan,” he said, on the role of Afghanistan’s Shiites in recent times.
“The status of Afghanistan Friday prayer martyrs is very high. They reached God and became the guests of Imam Hussain (a.s.). These sacrifices must make us to move to reach the lofty goals of Islam and the school of AhlulBayt (a.s.),” stated the Deputy for Scientific and Cultural Affairs of the AhlulBayt (a.s.) World Assembly in the end, referring to the martyrs of Friday prayers in Afghanistan.
It is worth mentioning that on Friday, October 8, 2021, a deadly explosion in the Shiite Mosque in Kunduz province during Friday prayers, resulted in dozens of martyrs and wounded.
Also, on Friday, October 15, 2021, Takfiri terrorists attacked the Fatemiah Grand Mosque, the largest Shiite mosque in Kandahar, and three suicide bombers blew themselves up, killing 37 worshipers and injuring 70 others.